The Ebro Delta offers a framework unique and singular nature. A landscape that brings together a diversity of fauna and flora invaluable.
Its 320 square kilometers of surface, making it the most extensive aquatic habitat in Catalonia and represents an enclave of vital importance in the Mediterranean wetlands.
The Ebro Delta is the largest wetland area of the Mediterranean coast in the Iberian Peninsula, guarded day and night by the abrupt and enigmatic mountains of the "Ports de Beseit" up to 1447 meters high.
One of the attractions of "Els Ports Natural Park" is the diversity of its flora. Mediterranean plant communities coexist with the European average, and typically pirenaicas species are found almost next to the Mediterranean.
Human control of the irrigation network of Delta, It has invested the annual natural water cycle rafts conditioning the provision of fresh water. In consecuense, submerged vegetation that predominates in this environment depends, mainly, salinity water.
As a result of the salinity of the water table and flooding from sea storms, more or less fixed dunes appear on vegetation.
The Ebro Delta is a paradise for birds, there have been more than 350 species of nearly 600 existing in Europe. This amount and variety have become the Ebro in a reference point at international level.
Notably breeding colonies of seabirds, the most important in the Mediterranean area, among which distinguish the Audouin gull, the sandwich tern and the slender-billed gull.
Other species of great interest are present in the Delta: Green Duck, the flamenco, Morito common, Sea the partridge and the oystercatcher, among other. Displays the accordion below to see a list of birds that can be spotted in the Delta del Ebro.
common species: Marram (Ammophila arenaria o Arundinacea), Grama sand ( faicia) i Azucena sea (Pancratiummaritimum).
On the sides of the gaps and "ullals" are the carrizales, with characteristic plants: Cañizo (Phragmitescrustalis o Chrysanthus), Cladiummariscus i Totora (pl.).
Beside the river Ebro we have the Riparian forest, dominated by: white poplar (the white), white willow (Salix alba), Alno (Alnus glutinosa), Fresnos (Fraxinus s p ll.), Olmo (Ulmusminor) i Lonicera biflora.
In the "Fangs"We waterlilies (Nymphaea alba).
In “Ports“, we can find species on the brink of extinction: willow species (Salixtarraconensis) la Pinguiculadertonensis, the Pudio (Rhamnus alpina), montane elm (Ulmus glabra) or Acer campestre. There are two trees that could highlight of Ports: the Yew (Taxusbaccata) and the Hague (Fagussylvatica). Also observe the white pine (Pinushalepensis), the large-leaved oaks (Quercusilexssp. ilex) and small (Quercusilexssp. rotundifolia), muermera grass (Clematisfammula), sarsaparilla (Smilaxaspera) and common ivy (Hedera Helix).
From 700 to 1000 meters we have the Corsican pine (Pinusnigrassp. salzmanii). As well, Hay heights (Acer opalusssp. granatense), common boxwood (Buxussempervirens), rosaceas (Amelanchierovalis), White hawthorn (Crataegusmonogyna), ballesteros grass (Helleborusfoetidus), Violeta de Willkomm (Viola wilkammii), there the Paeoniaofficinalisssp. humilis.
About 800 meters we can find badgers (Taxusbaccata) and holly (Ilexaquifolium). In the highest areas we Scots pine (PinusSylvestris), bearberry (Arctostaphylos uva-ursi), hazel (Corylus avellana) and Anemone hepatica. Finally where wind action highlights the Anthyllismontana, Teucriumpoliumssp. yellow, Aphyllanthesmonspeliensis. Due to the nature of the solid Calcaria essentially we have a presence calcicolous species as silicicolous (Ptericliumaquilinum) and Trifolium arvense.
Delta birds: gaviota Audouin (Larusaudouinií), charrán patinegro (Stemsanduicentsis), gaviota picofina (Larusgenei), green duck (Tardona tardona), Flamenco (Phoenicopteusroseus), Morito common (Plegadis Falcinellus), Partridge Mar (Glaeropatinsola) and Eurasian oystercatcher (HaematopusOstralegus), among other. Regarding birds in the "Ports" found: vultures and other raptors, the kestrel (Falco tinnunculus), the peregrine falcon (Falco), the golden eagle (Aquila chrysaetos), the white eagle (HieraetusJascictus) in the Horta i the buzzard (Buteobuteo). Among the nocturnal birds of prey are the owl (Athenenoctua), the tawny owl (Strixaluco) and Barn Owl (these Albums). Of summer visitors include the nightingale (Lusciniamegarhynchos), European oropéndola (Oriolusoriolus), common cuckoo (Cuculuscanorus), European Tórtora (Streptopeliaturtur) and European bee-eater (Meropsapiaster).
Delta fish: Sea confluence with the river leads to a great diversity of species ictio, among which stand: (sweet water) Eel, the loach, minnows, el ArlequínRasbora, Prickly, the Fish Friar, el Alburno, Carp, Rutile common, la Lucioperca, Largemouth bass, The Barber of Graells, mirror carp, el speed, la Gambusia, the loach, the golden Carpin, goby, the Samarugo and Catfish and (saltwater) the dwarf sand goby, Seabass, Saboga, the Fundulus, the flounder, the Pejerrey, el capiton, the Golden, mullet and needle river, among other.
Delta mammals: the presence of large mammals in the Delta is sporadic. We can find foxes (Foxes), hedgehogs (Erinaceuseuropaeus) and weasels (Mustela nivalis), and voles (Arvicolasapidus), mice (Mus sp.) y musarañas (Crocidurasp.). Currently up to six species of bats are in recovery phase.
At Ports Natural Park, It highlights the presence of the wild goat (Caprapyrenaicahispanica). We also found the boar (Sus scrofa), Badger (Melesmeles) inhabiting the tops of ports, The Otter (Lutralutra), jineta (Genettagenetta), the wildcat (FelisSylvestris), rabbits (OryctolagusCuniculus) and squirrel (Sciurusvulgaris).
Amphibians in the Delta: the marbled newt (Triturusmarmoratus), Common Frog (Rana perezi), the parsley frog (Pelodytespunctatus). In Horta common toad (bufo bufo), of soap audience (Alytesobstetricans) and the natterjack toad (Bufo calamita). Reptiles: the bastard culebra (Malpolonmonspessulanus), water snake (Natrix maura). The common gecko (Tarentolamauritanica) and ocellated lizard (Lacertalepida).
Delta spiders: the most abundant spider is AgropeBruennichi. In the highest in partes "Els Ports", highlights the butterfly Graellsiaisabelae. Among the Coleoptera must highlight the Oreocarabusguadarramus, la Yaminasanguinea, the Centhoshodruslevantinus, the Paraphaenopsbreuilianus and Tycobitinusescolai.
Protected, is the little snail Cochlostomafontqueri. They inhabit the rivers madrillas (Chondrostomatoxostoma), barbels (Barbusbocageissp. graellsii) and bermejuela (Rutilusarcasii).
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